Top EV Myths Proved Wrong

Electric cars are an oddly polarizing topic. 65% of people have never driven one and many of them clash with the few that know the truth about electric cars. But today is not a day for politics, it’s a day for truth, and some people are about to learn just how wrong they are.

Electric cars aren’t oddly polarizing topic 65 of people have never driven one and many of them clash with the few that know the truth about electric cars but today is not a day for politics it’s a day for truth and some people are about to learn just how wrong they are hello people the internet i’m nico a former electrical engineering student and this is all the

Misconceptions about evs that are actually wrong starting off with the production of batteries and yes i know the production produces a lot of co2 i’ll get to the emissions later but first i need to talk about the claim that there isn’t enough lithium to meet the demand for all the batteries being produced it’s not strictly true because there’s actually more than

Enough lithium on earth according to the president of global lithium the trouble is actually with mining enough of it to keep up with the demand the process of mining and refining lithium is still too slow but even if there were not enough lithium there are other materials to make batteries out of graphene manufacturing group has developed batteries using aluminum

Which is one of the most abundant metals on earth the other thing to note is that lithium-ion batteries are recycled level which helps lessen the blow of limited resources but i’ll get to the recycling later in the video because it is rather complicated but back to these aluminum batteries unfortunately they aren’t planned to reach evs until 2024. currently we

Still have lithium ion batteries which allegedly degrade significantly over time another claim that simply isn’t true yes they do degrade over time but it’s nowhere near as much as you may have been led to believe according to tesla over the course of 200 000 miles their batteries lose about 10 capacity so even at 200 000 miles you really wouldn’t need a battery

Replacement a point in which a gas powered car may have had transmission work or an entire engine swap done now engine swaps and battery swaps are both very expensive jobs but a battery swap would likely be the only maintenance cost of an electric car so it would still be cheaper to own than a gas powered car let me prove it to you starting with gasoline cars

According to aaa the yearly cost of running an average run-of-the-mill sedan is over eight thousand dollars eight thousand five hundred fifty eight dollars to be specific specific now this takes into consideration depreciation fuel insurance maintenance taxes and registration tires and finance charges but for the purposes of fairness i’m going to take out the finance

Tires insurance depreciation and registration as all of these things will also factor into the cost of evs so now we have fuel maintenance and taxes the three items were evs and gas powered cars will actually differ now on the basis that you drive 1200 miles per month and that the cost of electricity is 15 cents per kilowatt hour you would be spending 45 dollars

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A month to run your eev compare that to a gas powered car that gets say 25 miles per gallon a pretty middle of the run figure you would be spending just over a hundred and eighty dollars per month if you use the average gas price than the us of 3.79 then if you include maintenance evs win yet again according to the u.s department of energy evs cost about six cents

Per mile to run whereas gas powered cars cost about 10 cents per mile so over the course of 15 000 miles per year the national average bridge here in the u.s and evie would save you about six hundred dollars per year now that’s not massive but it is enough to buy you this money tracker on amazon so you can keep track of how much money you’ve saved there are still

Tax benefits but these are very dependent on your financial situation how expensive the ev is that you buy and many other factors all of which i covered in my ev tax credit video there’s a link below the like button and i’ll also link in the end screen so you can watch it after this video but back to evs while they may save you a good amount of money many people

Are skeptical about the environmental benefits after all the majority of our energy here in the us is produced from various different fossil fuel types well in terms of co2 emissions evs are actually cleaner and on top of that your gas powered car does more damage than you may have thought let’s go in chronological order from production to end of life for navy

You can expect the co2 emissions to be one and a half times to twice as much as a gas card during the production phase which is not a good start for evs but it soon turns around now using the the average annual distance driven of 15 000 miles a standard toyota camry would produce over five metric tons of co2 per year from tailpipe emissions alone by comparison a

Chevy bolt would produce 1.8 metric tons of co2 per year with the average u.s electricity mix here’s where it gets interesting the one thing that is often not considered with internal combustion engine cars is the co2 emissions of producing the fuel that is later burned there’s a rather extensive study on this which i have linked in the description but the website

I found this study on summarized it and it turns out that quote you must add 30 for gasoline and 24 for diesel in order to arrive at the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions so the toyota camry doesn’t actually produce five tons of co2 every year it produces six and a half tons every year considerably more than the 1.8 tons of the chevy bolt now with that in

Mind if a toyota camry produces 8 tons of co2 during production and the chevy bolt produces twice as much it’ll take less than two years for the the chevy bolt to make up the difference of co2 emissions it’s worth noting that this is generalized math and depending on which specific cars you use in your calculations the value is subject to change but my point still

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Stands evs produce far less co2 in the long run and they make up the difference pretty quickly now comes the big one the power grid and whether or not it can even handle the surplus of electric cars now it is true that there are several cases where the power grid could not handle the charging of electric cars in certain conditions the classic example would be

California and their recent heat wave where to avoid rolling blackouts citizens were asked to stop unnecessary energy consumption this included the charging of evs at home since the energy was needed for people to run their air conditioning in those extreme cases during heat waves for example it’s true the grid does not supply enough electricity however as heat

Waves are for now at least an occasional event and if the people who have garage space just charge overnight then this isn’t an issue a tactic local governments use to keep blackouts from happening is by having varying rates for electricity through throughout the day to incentivize people to not charge during the peak hours so while it is true that in extreme

Scenarios during peak hours the grid does not provide enough electricity most of the time and with current incentive strategies the grid is not a major concern for the time being also as we naturally and gradually consume more energy every year the grid is being constantly upgraded and will continue to be improved as the demand for electricity increases if you

Watch my previous video you would know there are some incorrect statements i made in my video highlighting the issues with electric cars what i had gotten wrong was the units of efficiency which seems odd at first because i used miles per gallon but in truth the better way to measure efficiency is distance covered per kilowatt hour of energy used let me show you

What i’m on about an ev like a nissan leaf has an estimated range of about 200 miles and has a 62 kilowatt hour capacity battery now that doesn’t mean much without some context so let me compare this to a gasoline car take a volkswagen jetta for example it has an estimated range of about 550 50 miles and has a 13.2 gallon fuel tank now if you didn’t know a gallon

Of gasoline contains roughly 33 kilow hours of energy so in the jetta’s 13.2 gallon fuel tank it can effectively hold 435.6 kilowatt hours of energy meaning that the jetta can drive 1.26 miles per kilowatt hour whereas the little nissan leaf can go 3.22 miles per kilowatt hour clearly electric is more efficient and that should not be a surprise because internal

Combustion engine cars burn up 70 percent of the energy they get as heat so of the hundred dollars you spend on gas seventy dollars got burned up and you didn’t move an inch where evs fall short is simply that batteries aren’t as energy dense as gasoline so despite their efficiency advantage gasoline-powered cars can still travel further on one fill up and on the

Subject of batteries the big question is what happens to the batteries after an ev’s life cycle is over well i’ve seen several people on the internet immediately say landfills but the truth is that they don’t test themselves say that none of the batteries they have produced have gone to a landfill and so they end up in rather amazing places with impressive uses

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Sometimes they get bought to be used in electric conversions like the electric humvee that jerry rig everything made about a year ago normally though they end up as electricity storage for buildings the johann cruyff arena the home stadium of ix football club is a great example their stadium is now the largest energy storage system in europe with the use of 148

Nissan leaf battery packs then after the second life that battery packs often live they end up in recycling this is the tricky bit because recycling is a horribly expensive and dangerous process as of right now the chemicals make it very difficult to have an osha approved work environment but steps are being taken to make recycling easier there are three methods to

Recycle batteries as of right now the first one is hydra metallurgy a horrible word and a horrible process using acid to retrieve the materials and it has a nasty side product of hazardous gases despite the complexity though it can retrieve over 99 of the cobal and lithium and is considered to be the most suitable method for recycling spent lithium-ion batteries

The next method is pyro metallurgy which has the pyro part suggests uses extreme heat to extract materials also not good for protecting the environment there is another method known as direct recycling but that is apparently not quite ready yet for widespread adoption as it still poses some challenges for recyclers there are some more concerns with evs to quickly

Mention such as the materials specifically cobalt which are mined using child labor big yikes then the processing of those materials is still done almost entirely by china but the inflation reduction act aims to change that if you want to know everything else that the inflation reduction act is changing then i would suggest watching my video on that there’s a link

In the description and also in the top right hand corner of the screen in conclusion there are still some things to work out with the recycling and possibly the power grid to make sure that charging during peak hours isn’t an issue but aside from that evs already beat internal combustion engine cars in almost every measurable way as the economies of scale kick in ev

Prices will drop they are already cleaner in terms of co2 emissions they are significantly more efficient and cheaper to maintain it’s only a matter of time before there are enough charging stations before charging speeds are negligible and before the battery capacity increases to the point where our gas powered cars become completely obsolete and when that happens

It will be one of the saddest days of my life because i will know that my passion has just become a history lesson but that story is better safe for a future video share this video with anyone you know that needs convincing about evs if you enjoyed this video consider subscribing it’s free and you can always change your mind later until next time people that are not peace out foreign

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Top EV Myths Proved Wrong By Nicomotor